The system generates a radio frequency signal in the 150kHz range that is introduced into the water of the entire system and creates a diminishing sine wave that randomly switches on and off up to 40,000 times per second. The system produces hundreds of billions of nucleation events per second throughout the plumbing system that remove the surface charge of suspended particles. These suspended solids become the preferred sites for precipitation of CaCO3 avoiding buildup on equipment surfaces.
When saturated water is either heated or a pressure drop occurs calcium and magnesium precipitates out and forms encrusting scale. This is due to super saturation in which the water cannot hold the calcium and magnesium in solution due to the change in temperature or pressure. The proprietary signal charges the ions allowing them to form clusters avoiding the formation of scale on surfaces which would normally occur.
In 2009 the University of Pittsburgh conducted ASHRAE Project Number 1361-RP where they found that Pulsed-Power and all other tested chemical free devices were unable to control sessile or planktonic microbial growth rates. In 2012 the University of Pittsburgh repeated this test and concluded that the Flow-Tech system successfully achieved a 98% reduction in biofilm growth.
The system creates a flux layer (skin effect) along the surfaces that prevents biofilm formation and removes existing biofilm accumulation. This signal disrupts and prevents biofilm formation.
Cost based on known data
- Lower system energy cost
- Eliminate hazardous chemical flushes & planned shut-downs for system cleaning
- Regain lost cooling and heating capacity
- Reduce Chemical Usage
- Eliminate Softeners
- Increase equipment life
- Reduce system corrosion from chemicals and biological fouling
- Heating loops open and closed
- Domestic hot water
- Cooling towers
- Heat ex-changers
- Irrigation systems
- Fruit & vegetable washing